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P Michailova

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Prof. Dr.Paraskeva Michailova, D.Sc.

Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, b. "Tzar Osvoboditel" 1
Sofia 1000, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
tel.:00359 988 51 15
fax: 00359 988 28 97;

Curriculum vitae

Education and degrees:

• 1970: MSc, Faculty of Biology, “St Kliment Okhridski”, University of Sofia; thesis:”Chomosome polymorphism of Anopheles maculipennis and Anopheles messae (Diptera)”, supervisor
• 1976: PhD, Institute of Zoology, BAS; thesis: "Karyosystematic studies of Chironomid species (Chironomidae, Diptera) from Bulgarian Black Sea coast and Black sea lakes". Supervisors: and Prof.V.Golenamsky.
• 1991: DSc, Institute of Zoology, BAS; thesis: “The Polytene chromosomes and their significance to the systematic, taxonomy and speciation of fam. Chironomidae, Diptera".
• English, German, Russian

Post Doc Specialization:
• 1978 - three months training course in the Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk and the Institute of Zoology, Leningrad, USSR.
• 1983 - one month training course in the Institute of Zoology, University of Bern, Switzerland.
• 1986 - FEBS Stipendium and working three months in the Institute of Zoology, University of Göttingen, Germany.

• 1976 - 1986: Scientific Researcher, Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
• 1986 - 1990 - Assoc. Prof., Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
• 1993 and continue - Professor of Cytotaxonomy, Evolution and Cytogenetics, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem research (former Institute of Zoology), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
• 1980 - 1981 - teaching "General Biology", Medical Academy, Sofia.
• 1981 - teaching “Cytogenetics” at Sofia University, Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology.
• 1994 – 2002 - teaching “Cytogenetics” at Plovdiv University, Depart. General Biology, Faculty of Biology
• 2013 – teaching “Cytogenetics” and “Mutagenesis” at Plovdiv University, Faculty of Biology

Research Activities (Some Projects):
Invited Lecturer:

• 1990 - invited lecturer in the Institute of Zoology by Gottingen University, Germany;
• 1997, 1999, 2002 - invited lecturer in the Department of Genetics by University of Mainz, Germany;
• 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2011 - invited lecturer in the Department of Animal and Human Biology by University of Turin, Italy;
• 2000 – invited lecturer in Department of Zoology by Milan University, Italy;
• 2003 – invited lecturer in Zoological Institute, S. Petersburg, Russia;
• 2011 – invited lecturer in Department of Biology by University of Grenoble, France;
• 2013 - invited lecturer in the Department of Genetics by University of Mainz, Germany;
• 2015 - invited in Biocenter Vienna, Austria to be performed genome analysis with marine insect species.
• 2015 – invited lecturer in Department of Biology by University of Grenoble, France;
• 2016 - invited lecturer in the Department of Genetics by University of Mainz, Germany;
• 2017 - Invited lectures in Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland;


• Supervisor of P. Gercheva MS (1981-1983);
• Supervisor of B. Todorova MS (1987- 1990);
• Supervisor of B. Krastanov MS (1997-2000);
• Supervisor of K. Todorova MS (1999-2001).
• Supervisor of Y. Todorova PhD (1998-2001);
• Supervisor of B. Krastanov PhD (2004-2007);
• Supervisor of J. Ilkova PhD (2006-2009);
• Co-supervisor of R. Victorov PhD (1997- 1999).
• Co-supervisor of St. Stoinev PhD (Macedonia), (2000-2003).

Foreign PhD students specialized by prof. P.Michailova:
• S.Bovero, Turin University, Italy, 2001.
• L.C. S.Correia, Laboratory of Aquatic Entomology, Fed. University of Sa˜o Carlos, SP, Brazil, 2003.
• I.Jablonska-Barna, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Fisheries, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland, 2004 and 2011.

Some projects:
• 1995 - 1997 - NATO grant: Chironomds as test system of heavy metals (with University of Turin, Italy).
• 1998 - 2001 - An international project with University of Turin, Italy
Chromosome polymorphism in Chironomidae, Diptera.
• 1998 - 2000 - An international project with Finland Academy of Sciences (exchange program);Taxonomy of Chironomus (Diptera).
• 1998 -2001; 2002 - 2009 - An International project with Russian Academy of Sciences (exchange program);
Family Chironomidae (Diptera) a model of microevolution;
Population cytotaxonomical variability of Chironomidae (Diptera) from different anthropogenic regions.
• 2000 - 2002 - Royal Society grant (working together with Manchester University, UK); Genotoxic effect of heavy metals on Chironomids (Diptera).
• 2004 - 2007 - Royal Society grant (working together with Manchester University,UK); Chironomids (Diptera) as indicators of environmental genotoxicity.
• 2004 - 2007 - NATO grant (working together with University of Turin, Italy);
Polytene chromosomes as a bioassay of heavy metal induced genome instability
• 2008 - 2010 -Bulgarian Natural Foundation “Scientific Investigations".
Chromosome variability of model insect species of Diptera and Heteroptera - a quantitive criterion of species differentiation and assessment of the degree of water ecosystems pollution.
• 2009-2012 - grant by Ministry of Education and Sciences, Sofia;
New Integrated Genome biomarker test system: useful tool in environmental risk assessment in model invertebrate and vertebrate species.
• 2008-2011 -an international project with Polish Academy of Sciences (exchange program);Comparative cytotaxonomical studies and genome response to stress environmental conditions on Insects (Diptera, Orthoptera) from Bulgaria and Poland
• 2009-2011 – an international project with Anakara University, Turkey (exchange program); Assessment of Chemical Pollution in some Turkish and Bulgarian River by genome and Biochemical studies of Chironomidae (Diptera).
• 2011-2014 - an international project with Polish Academy of Sciences (exchange program); Cytotaxonomy and genome alterations in Chironomidae (Diptera) and Tettigoniidae (Orthoptera) from Bulgaria and Poland
• 2013–2015 – Royal Society grant (working together with Manchester University,UK); A cytogenetic environmental quality ration as indicator of pollution
. 2015 - 2018 - Funded by Polish National Science Center: (working with University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland): Reconstruction and prognosis of response of a river system affected by Pb-Zn ore mine contamination.

• 212 scientific papers, publishing in: "Caryologia", "Genetica", "Cytologia", "Chromosoma", "Z.f.Evolutionsforschung", "Cytobios", "Ent. Scand.", "Zool. Anz.", "Zool. Beitrage", “Environmental pollution”, "Genome" and etc.; 92 reports made in international Symposia, Congresses and Conference.
Two Monographs; six chapters of monographs, and a Hand Book of Cytogenetics (two editions):

Citation of her papers: more than 1800 times.


1985 and continue - In an International FEBS organization;
1987 and continue - A representative of East Europe in international j.” Newsletter of Chironomus”;
1998 and continue - In an Editorial Board of j. “Acta Zool.Bulgarica” (Sofia);
2007 and continue - In an Editorial Board of j. “Comparative Cytogenetics”(S.Petersburg).
2013 and 2016 - In an Edition Board of j. “Journal of Insects”,USA.
2008 and continue – Editor in Chief of “Faina of Bulgaria”.


• 1986 - 2010 - Member of Scientific Society by Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 1990 and continue – Head of the laboratory “Cytotaxonomy and Evolution”, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem research (former Institute of Zoology), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 1992 - 2009 - Member of Scientific Society of Zoology and Ecology by
High Certifying Commission of a Council of Ministers;
• 1994 - 1997 - Member of General Meeting by Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 1994 - 1997 - Deputy Director of Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 1997 - 2003 - Scientific secretary and member of Scientific Commission by High Certifying Commission of a Council of Ministers;
• 1998 - 2001 - Member of Scientific Society of Genetics by High Certifying Commission of a Council of Ministers;
• 1998 - 2003 - Head of the Scientific Commission by Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 2003 - 2009 - Deputy Director by Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
• 2007 - 2009 - Member of Commission by Ministry of Education and Science.
• 2007 - 2010 - Scientific secretary and Member of Specializing Scientific Committee by High Certifying Commission of a Council of Ministers;
• 2009 - 2010 - Director of Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
• 2010 - Member of Commission by Ministry of Education and Science.
• 2011 - Member of Commission by Ministry of Education and Science.
• 2011 and continue - Member of Scientific Society by Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
• 2010 - 2015 – Head of Research group “Cytotaxonomy and evolution” by Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research.

• The monograph entitled “The polytene chromosomes and their significance to the systematics of the family Chironomidae, Diptera”, 1998, Acta Zool. Fennica, 186. 107pp. won a prize on the name of famous Bulgarian Cytogenetist "Doncho Kostov"(1986).
•Two projects funded by Bulgarian Ministerium of Education and Science, Natural Foundation”Scientific Investigation” headed by Prof.P.Michailova won prizes in 1998 and 2004 years respectively.
• 2013 - A prize of the best poster in International Conference “Bioscience”, Klimentdays.

Research interests

ZOOLOGY – cytotaxonomy and evolution;
GENETICS - Population genetics and cytogenetics;
GENOTOXICOLOGY - model Chironomid species;
(Relevant scientific techniques: cytogenetic techniques- (routine procedure, differential staining, in situ hybridization, immunofluorescence, artificial breeding of Chironomids, Diptera and etc.).


Prof. Dr.Paraskeva Michailova, D.Sc.
1. Belcheva, R., Michailova, P. 1971. Supernumery (B) chromosomes and aneuploidy in Anopheles maculipennis M., and Anopheles messeae Fall.(Diptera, Culicidae). Compt. r. Acad. des Sciences, 24, 9, 1255-1257.

2. Belcheva R., Michailova, P. 1972. Chromosome polymorphism in Anopheles messeae Fall. (Culicidae, Diptera) from different regions of Bulgaria. Ann. de l'Universite de Sofia, 64, 1, 109-118. (In Bulgarian).

3. Belcheva R., Michailova, P. 1973. Chromosome polymorphism in Anopheles maculipennis M. (Culicidae, Diptera) from different regions of Bulgaria. Ann. de l'Universite de Sofia, 65, 2, 132-142. (In Bulgarian).

4. Michailova, P. 1973. Triploidy in Clunio marinus Haliday from the Bulgarian Black sea coast. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 26, 11, 1541 - 1543.

5. Michailova, P. 1973. Untersuchungen über den Chromosomen Polymorphismus bei Chironomus salinarius Kieff., Chironomus valkanovi Michailova und Chironomus anchialicus Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae) von der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerkűste. Zool. Anz., (Leipzig), 191, 5/6, 348-364.

6. Beicheva, R., Michailova, P. 1973. Quinacrine Fluorescent patterns of the chromosomes of Chironomus valkanovi Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae). Ann. de l'Universite de Sofia, v.1, 147-152.

7. Michailova, P. 1974. Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Chironomus (Diptera, Chironomidae) von der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerkűste. Zool. Beiträge, (Berlin), 20, 2, 339-357.

8. Belcheva, R., Michailova, P. 1974. Interphase nuclei of Chironomus valkanovi Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae) detected after Quinacrine Dichydrochloride staining. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 27, 5, 693-694.

9. Valkanov, A., Michailova, P. 1974. Untersuchungen über den Karyotypus und Chromosomen Polymorphismus bei Thalassomyia frauenfeldi Schiner (Diptera, Chironomidae) von der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste. Bulletin de l'Inst. de Zoology et Musee, X, 5-6, 5 -16.

10. Michailova, P. 1975. Karyological characteristics of Cricotopus vitripennis Meigen and Cricopopus varians Staeg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from the Bulgarian Black sea coast. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 2, 25 – 37. (In Bulgarian).

11. Michailova, P. 1976. Cytotaxonomical Diagnostics of species from the genus Cricotopus (Chironomidae, Diptera). Caryologia, (Firenze), 29, 3, 291-306.

12. Michailova, P. 1976. An additional "B" chromosome in Thalassomyia frauenfeldi Schiner (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Bulgarian's Black Sea Coast. Comptes r. Acad.Bulg. des Sciences, 29, 2, 267-269.

13. Michailova, P. 1977. Karyotaxonomische Characteristik der Prodiamesa olivacea Meigen und Prodiamesa bureschi sp.n. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zool. Beiträge, (Berlin), 23, 3, 388 - 404.

14. Michailova, P.1978. Karyological characteristics of Cricotopus algarum Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae). Cytologia, (Tokyo), 43, 187-196.

15. Michailova, P. 1979. Karyologica characteristics of Chironomid species from the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. National Conference, 127 – 129. (In Bulgarian).

16. Michailova, P. 1979. Comparative karyological analysis of the species of the genus Glyptotendipes Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Firenze), 32, 1, 23 - 44.

17. Michailova, P. 1979. Structural change in the polytene chromosomes of Chironomus valkanovi Michailova, Cricotopus sylvestris Staeg. and Cricotopus varians Fabr. (Diptera, Chironomidae) under the influence of various factors. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 32, 3, 377-380.

18. Grinchuk, T., Michailova, P. 1979. The Karyotypic variation in Glyptotendipes barbipes Staeg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from various localities. Tsitologia, (Leningrad), XXI, 8, 959 - 963. (In Russian).

19. Michailova, P. 1980. Cytotaxonomic features of species of subfamily Orthocladiinae (Diptera, Chironomidae). Genetica, (Hague), 52/53, 263 - 266.

20. Michailova, P. 1980. A review of the European Species of genus Clunio Haliday 1855 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zool. Anz. (Jena), 5/6, 417 - 432.

21. Michailova, P. 1980. The chromosomal polymorphism of some species of the family Chironomidae (Diptera). Acta Universitaties Carolinae Biologica, (Prague) 12, 141-149.

22. Michailova, P. 1980. Comparative external morphological and karyological characteristics of European species of genus Clunio Haliday, 1855 (Diptera, Chironomidae). In:VII. Internat. Symposium of Chironomidae, Ecology, Systematics, Cytology and Physiology (ed. Murray, Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York), 9 -15.

23. Michailova, P. Maximova F. 1980. Karyological variability of Chironomus plumosus L. (Diptera, Chironomidae) and its importance for the species divergence. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 14, 5 – 18.

24. Belcheva, R., Michailova, P. 1980. Quinacrine Fluorescence patterns of the chromosomes of Chironomus valkanovi Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zool. Anz. (Jena), 204, 5/6, 362 - 370.

25. Michailova, P. 1981. Karyological Particularities and Microevolution rearrangements in the Karyotype of some species of the family Chironomidae. II. Cytogenetics conference in Bulgaria, Sofia, 81 - 85.

26. Michailova, P., Subchev, M. 1981. On the Karyotype of three species of the fam. Branchiobdellidae (Annelida, Oligochaeta). Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences. 34, 2, 265 - 267.

27. Michailova, P. 1982. External Morphological and Karyological Characteristics of Orthocladius bipunctellus Zett. 1850 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Zool. Anz. (Jena) 1/2, 208, 82 - 91.

28. Michailova, P. 1982. Chironomids (Diptera, Chironomidae) in fish Raising pools in Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 20, 51 – 68.

29. Michailova, P., Semjonov, E., Genova, G., Konstantinov, G. 1982. An Additional Nuclear material in the polytene salivary gland chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster. Tsitologia, (Leningrad), XXIV, 3, 248 - 251. (In Russian).

30. Michailova, P., Belcheva, R. 1982. Localization of constitutive heterochromatin in the chromosomes of Orthocladius bipunctellus Zett. 1850 and Cryptochironomus fridmanae Tshernovskyi 1949 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Cytologia, (Tokyo), 47, 489 - 497.

31. Michailova, P., Gercheva, P. 1982. Cytotaxonomical characteristics of the species of genus Endochironomus. Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Firenze), 35, 1, 53 - 56.

32. Michailova, P.1983. Cytogenetic characteristics of hybrids in Chironomidae family (Diptera). Ist National Genetic Conference, Sofia, 237- 241. (In Bulgarian).

33. Michailova, P. 1984. Structure and functional organization of the polytene chromosomes. Ist Cytogenetic conference, Sofia, 52 – 73. (In Bulgarian)

34. Michailova, P. 1984. Structure and functional organization of the polytene chromosomes. IInd Cytogenetics, immunogenetics and molecular genetics, Sofia, 27- 38. (In Bulgarian).

35. Michailova, P. 1984. Heterochromatin and chromosome evolution in Chironomidae family (Diptera). IIIrd National Conference on Cytogenetics. Sofia, 105-108. (In Bulgarian).

36. Michailova, P.1984. Sex determing mechanism in some Chironomid species (Diptera). IInd National Genetic Conference, Sofia, 100 – 103. (In Bulgarian).

37. Michailova, P., Belyanina, S. 1984. Chironomus kiknadzeae sp. n. from Ob Sea (USSR). Reichenbachia, (Dresden), 22, 9, 79 - 85.

38. Michailova, P., Dimitrova, B. 1984. Karyological characteristics of Acricotopus lucens (Zett.), (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Bulgaria. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 37, 8, 1081 - 1084.

39. Michailova, P., Fischer, J. 1984. Cytogenetic studies on Chironomus plumosus L. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from different populations and their experimental hybrids. Mem. Amer. Entom. Soc., (Washington), 34, 211-221.

40. Michailova, P., Petrova, N. 1984. Initial stage of sympatric divergency in species of the genus Glyptotendipes Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Firenze), 4, 37, 293 - 307.

41. Michailova, P. 1985. Method of breeding the species from family Chironomidae, Diptera in experimental conditions. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 38, 9, 1179 - 1181.

42. Michailova, P. 1985.Tendencies in the karyotype evolution of species of the family Chironomidae (Diptera). Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 26, 3 - 22.

43. Michailova, P. 1985. Cytotaxonomic review of some species of the genus Orthocladius Van der Wulp. Ent. Abhandlungen, (Dresden), 48, 9, 149 - 165.

44. Michailova, P., Beshovski, V. 1985. Karyotaxonomical studies on genus Oscinella (Diptera, Chloropidae). Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 29, 25 - 36.

45. Belcheva, R., Michailova, P., Sofianidu, S. 1985. Karyological studies of Rana epeirotica and Rana ridibunda (Anura, Amphibia) from Greece. Compt. r. Acad. Bulg.Sciences, 38, 10, 1387 - 1390.

46. Belcheva, R., Michailova, P. 1986. Handbook on Cytogenetics (Ist edition) Sofia, “Science and Art”, 114 pp. (In Bulgarian).

47. Petrova, N, , Michailova, P. 1986.The population karyological studies of some Chironomidae species (Diptera, Chironomidae).Tsitologia, (Leningrad), XXVIII, 7, 727 - 734. (In Russian).

48. Petrova, N., Kiknadze I., Michailova, P. 1986. Species integration in plumosus group. In: "System of species integration”, Vilnjuis, 138 - 160. (In Russian).

49. Michailova, P., Fischer, J. 1986. Chironomus vancouveri sp.n. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Canada. Reichenbachia, (Dresden), 23, 18, 99 - 106.

50. Michailova, P., Fisher, J. 1986. Speciation within the plumosus group of the genus Chironomus Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Z. f. Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, (Berlin), 24, 3, 207 - 222.

51. Michailova, P. 1987. Karyotype Evolution in Chironomidae, Diptera. Acheavment in Bulgarian Zoology. Sofia, 367 - 370. (In Bulgarian).

52. Michailova, P. 1987. Chironomids (Diptera) as a test system of trace metals.Ist National Conference of Biological Monitoring, Plovdiv,22 - 24.X. 168 - 173. (In Bulgarian).

53. Michailova, P., Petrova, N.1987.The peculiarities of Micropsectra gr. notescens (Diptera, Chironomidae) from different populations. Tsitologia, (Leningrad), XXIX, 9, 1056 - 1059. (In Russian).

54. Michailova, P. 1987. Cytogenetical proof of an introgressive hybridization in species of the fam. Chironomidae, Diptera. III. Genetics conference, Varna, 12- 17. IX., 234-238.

55. Michailova, P. 1987. "C" banding in the polytene chromosomes of a group "plumosus" and their experimental hybrids. Genetica, (Hague), 74, 41 - 51.

56. Michailova, P. 1987. Comparative karyological analysis of species of the genus Endochironomus Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Ent. Scand. supp., (Lund), 29, 105 -111.

57. Michailova, P. 1987. "C" banding in polytene chromosomes of Glyptotendipes barbipes (Staeger) and Glyptotendipes salinus Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae) and their experimental hybrids. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 35, 3 - 15.

58. Michailova, P. 1987. Comparative kariological studies on three species of the genus Glyptotendipes Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Hungary and Bulgaria. Glyptotendipes salinus sp.n. from Bulgaria. Folia Biol., (Krakow), 1/2, 43 - 56.

59. Warchalowska-Sliva, E., Michailova, P., Peshev, G. 1987. Karyological studies on Metrioptera arnoldi RME (Decticidae) and Ancistrura nigrovittata (BR) (Phaneropteridae, Tettigonoidea, Orthoptera). Caryologia, (Firenze), 40, 4, 369 - 380.

60. Michailova, P. 1988. A review of the genus Polypedilum Kieff. The cytotaxonomy of Polypedilum aberrans Tshernovskyi. Spixiana supp. (Műnchen), 14, 239 - 246.

61. Michailova, P. 1989. (monograph). The polytene chromosomes and their significance for the systematics of family Chironomidae, Diptera .Acta Zool. Fennica, (Helsinki), 186, 1 - 107.

62. Michailova, P. 1989. Heterpochromatin in genus Glyptotendipes Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae). IVth National Conference on Cytogenetics. Vraza, 2-6.X. 139-141. (In Bulgarian)

63. Michailova, P., Petrova N., 1989. Microevolution differentiation of Prodiamesa gr. branickii Novicki (Chironomidae, Diptera). Tsitologia (Leningrad), XXХI, 7, 824 - 828.(In Russian).

64. Petrova, N., Michailova, P. 1989. Chromosome polymorphism of natural populations of Endochironomus albipennis Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Tsitologia, (Leningrad), XXXI, 10, 1200 - 1206.

65. Michailova, P., Belcheva, R. 1989. Meiosis in an experimental hybrid of Glyptotendipes salinus Michailova x Glyptotendipes barbipes (Staeger) (Diptera, Chironomidae). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 58, 101 - 107.

66. Nonchev, S., Michailova, P., Venkov, Ch., Tsanev, R., 1989. Histone H1 in the centromere heterochromatin of Glyptotendipes barbipes larval polytene chromosomes. Chromosoma, (Berlin), 98, 64 - 68.

67. Michailova, P. 1989. Cytotaxonomic studies on the experimental hybrid of Glyptotendipes barbipes (Staeger) and Glyptotendipes salinus Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae). Acta Biol. Debr. Oecol., (Debrezen), 2, 141 - 150.

68. Michailova, P., Belcheva, R. 1990. Different effect of lead on an external morphology and polytene chromosomes of Glyptotendipes barbipes (Staeger) (Diptera, Chironomidae). Folia Biol., (Krakow), 38, 1-4, 83 - 88.

69. Hirvenoja, M. Michailova, P. 1991. Chironomus melanotus Keyl and its cytotaxonomical and ecological relations to Ch. riihimakiensis Wülker (Diptera, Chironomidae). Spixiana, (München), 14, 3, 309 - 320.

70. Hirvenoja, M., Michailova, P. 1991. The karyotype, morphology and ecology of Glyptotendipes aqualis Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae). Ent.Fennica, (Helsinki), 2, 87-96.

71. Michailova, P., Petrova, N. 1991. Chromosome polymorphism in geographically isolated populations of Chironomus plumosus L. (Chironomidae, Diptera). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 67, 161 - 175.

72. Belcheva R., Michailova, P. 1991.Handbook on Cytogenetics (IInd edition). Sofia University "Kl.Ohridsky", 137 pp. (In Bulgarian).

73. Michailova, P. 1992. Karyosystematics and morphology of Chironomus salinarius type larvae (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Finland. Cytobios, (Cambridge), 71, 163 - 169.

74. Michailova, P. 1992. Endochironomus tendens F. (Chironomidae, Diptera) an example of stasipatric speciation. Neth. j. of Aquatic Ecology, (Amsterdam), 26, 2-4, 173 - 180.

75. Michailova, P., Ferrington, L. 1992. The Karyotype of Axarus festivus (Say) and a comparison with species of Lipiniella (Chironomidae, Diptera). Neth.j. of Aquatic ecology, (Amsterdam), 26, 2-4,181 - 185.

76. Michailova, P., Nikolov, H. 1992. DNA content in centromere regions of sibling speciies Glyptotendipes barbipes Staeger and Glyptotendipes salinus Michailova (Diptera, Chironomiidae). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 70, 179 - 184.

77. Petrova, N., Michailova, P., Maximova, F., Ilynskaya, N. 1992. On the standard karyotype of Chironomus plumosus L. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 70, 185 - 189.

78. Warchalowska - Sliva, E.W., Miichailova, P., Peshev, G. 1992. Comparative cytigenetic study of Poecilimon bruneri Frivaldsky and P. zwicki Ramme (Phaneropteridae, Orthoptera). Folia Biol., (Krakow), 40, 1-2, 33 - 39.

79. Michailova, P. 1993. Chromosome rearrangements in Chironomidae, Diptera. In: Invertebrates karyosystematics /ed. V. Kuznezova/, S.Petersburg, Russia, 52 - 55. (In Russian).

80. Warchalowska-Sliva, E., Michailova, P. 1993. Cytological study of Pholidoptera frivaldsky (Decticidae, Orthoptera). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 74,155-162.

81. Michailova, P. 1994. (Chapter of monograph). Sympatric speciation in family Chironomidae (Diptera). In: Genetics and Evolution of Aquatic organisms. /Ed. A. Beamount/, Chapman & Hall, 414 - 423.

82. Michailova, P. 1994. The role of heterochromatin in the speciation of fam. Chironomidae, Diptera. Folia Biol., (Krakow), 42, 3-4, 79 - 87.

83. Michailova, P., Batova, I., Kehayov, I. 1994. Immunofluorescent localization of nuclear proteins in polytene chromosomes of two Chironomid species: Endochironomus tendens (Fabr.) and Glyptotendipes gripekoveni Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Fierenze), 47, 3 - 4, 1 - 12.

84. Michailova, P., Rieradevall, M., Real, M. 1994. New chromosome arm combination of genus Glyptotendipes Kieffer. (Diptera, Chironomiidae). Caryologia, (Fierenze), 47, 1, 81 - 95.

85. Michailova, P. 1994.Chironomus bonus Shilova et Dyvarsheishvili (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Bulgaria; karyotype and morphology, Studia Dipterologica, (Halle),1, h.2, 186 - 194.

86. Michailova, P., Petrova, N. 1994. Cytogenetic characteristics of Chironomus balatonicus Devai, Wülker, Scholl (Chironomidae, Diptera). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 79, 15 - 29.

87. Michailova, P. 1995. Cytotaxonomical characteristics of Chironomidae, Diptera from Hungary. Studia Dipterologica, (Halle), 2, 2, 253 - 270.

88. Michailova, P. 1995. Polytene chromosomes of different subfamilies of family Chironomidae, Diptera. IIIrd Entomological conference, Sofia, 18 - 20 IX, 50 - 54.

89. Michailova, P., Contreras-Lichtenberg, R. 1995. Contribution of the knowledge of Glyptotendipes pallens (Meigen, 1804) and Glyptotendipes glaucus (Meigen, 1818) Ann. Naturhist. Mus. (Wien), 97B, 395 - 410.

90. Michailova, P., Hirvenoja, M. 1995. Cytotaxonomic characteristics of Chironomus clarus Hirvenoja (Chironomidae, Diptera) with completions to the description of morphology of adults and immature stages. Entom. Fennica, (Helsinki), 6, 19 - 28.

91. Michailova, P. 1996. Cytotaxonomy of Chironomidae, Diptera from Lake Shabla (Bulgaria): Cytogenetic evidence for Introgressive hybridization. Hydrobiologia, (Brussels), 318, 25 - 42.

92. Petrova, N., Michailova, P. 1996. Three years (1987-1989) cytogenetic studies of Chironomus balatonicus from Chernobyl. In: Ecology, Evolution and Systematics of Chironomidae. Barok, 18 - 23. (In Russian).

93. Petrova, N., Michailova, P. 1996. Cytogenetic monitoring of Chironomus balatonicus Devai, Wűlker,Scholl (Diptera, Chironomidae) from the Chernobyl Region. Int. J. Dipterol. Res. (S. Petersburg), 7, 2, 79 - 86.

94. Michailova, P., Petrova, P., Ramella, L., Sella, G., Todorova, J., Zelano, V. 1996. Cytogenetic characteristics of Chironomus riparius Meigen, 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from a polluted Po river station. Genetica, (Hague), 98, 161 - 178.

95. Michailova, P. 1997. Cytotaxonomy and evolution. 50 years Anniversary of the Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 130 - 142. (In Bulgarian).

96. Michailova, P., Bakalova, A., Ivanov, Ch. 1997. Differences in total aminoacid composition of proteins in Glyptotendipes glaucus Mg., Glyptotendipes pallens Mg., (Chironomidae, Diptera) and their experimental hybrid. Compt. Rend. de L. Acad. Bulg. des Sciences, 50, 3, 77 - 80.

97. Sella, G., Ramella, L., Michailova, P., Petrova, N., Regoli, F., Zelano, V. 1997.Effects Genotoxiques des Sediments pollues chez Deux populations de Chironomus riparius Meigen, 1804. In: Sediments et gestion des Milieux Aquatiques, Actes du 4-eme Congres du Grape, 98 - 101.

98. Hirvenoja, M., Michailova, P. 1997. On the karyology and morphology of Chironomus jonmartini (Diptera, Chironomidae). Entom. Fennica, (Helsinki), 8, 39 - 55.

99. Michailova, P., Ramella, L., Sella, G., Bovero, S. 1997. C-band variation in polytene chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Mg (Diptera, Chironomidae) from a polluted Piedmont station (Italy). Cytobios, (Cambridge), 90, 139 -151.

100. Michailova, P. 1998. Cytogenetic analysis of a hybrid: Glyptotendipes pallens Mg. x Glyptotendipes glaucus Mg (Diptera, Chironomidae) Evolutionary consideration.J. Zool. System. Evol. Research, (Berlin), 36, 185-189.

101. Michailova, P. 1998. Order Diptera (Chironomidae). In: Biodeversity of the Srebarna Biosphere Reservoar. (ed.:T. Michev, B. Georgiev, A. Petrova, M. Stoyneva) Ministry of Environment and waters. 80 p.

102. Michailova, P., Petrova, N., Sella, G., Ramella, L., Bovero, S. 1998. Structure and functional alterations in chromosome G of Chironomus riparius Mg. from a heavy metal polluted area near Turin, Italy. Environ. Pollution, (USA), 103, 127 - 134.

103. Michailova, P., Todorova, J. 1998. Cytogenetic characteristics of Glyptotendipes pallens Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) reared in standard laboratory conditions. Cytobios, (Cambridge), 94, 151 - 160.

104. Hirvenoja, M., Michailova, P. 1998.The karyotype and morphology of Chironomus brevidentatus sp.n. Diptera, Chironomidae. A species with a "salinarius type" larva from northern Finland. Entom. Fennica, (Helsinki), 9, 225 -236.

105. Michailova, P. 1999. Structure and functional alterations in salivary gland chromosomes. In: National program of Biomonitoring (ed. D.Peev, Sv.Gerasimov). Sofia, Gea Libris, 93 - 96.

106. Petrova N., Michailova, P., Sella, G., Ramella L.,Bovero, S.. 2000. Structure and functional rearrangements in the salivary gland chromosomes in Chironomus riparius from trace metal polluted Italian water basins. Siberian Ecological journal, 4, 511 - 521.

107. Petrova, N., Michailova, P., Bovero S. 2000. Cytogenetic characteristics of Chironomus nuditarsis Str. (Chironomidae, Diptera) and its relationship with species from the plumosus group. Late 20th centrure Research on Chironomidae. In: An Anthology from the 13th Intern. Symposium on Chironomidae, Freiburg, 5-9, Sept. 1997. 201-208.

108. Michailova, P. 1998. (Monograph). Eukaryotic Chromosome – Structure and Function. Atlas. Gea Libris, Sofia, 72 pp.

109. Michailova, P. 2000. Chromosome rearrangements in the speciation of sibling species in family Chironomidae, Diptera. In: Biodiversity and Dinamics of Ecosystems in North Eurasia, v.1, part 1-2, International Technologies and Modeling. Novosobirsk, 69 - 71.

110. Michailova, P., Krastanov, B. 2000. Cytotaxonomical differentiation of Chironomus plumosus L. and Chironomus balatonicus Devai, Wülker, Scholl (Diptera, Chironomidae) from fish pool near Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 52, 1, 29 - 40.

111. Michailova, P., Mеttinen, A., 2000. Cytotaxonomical variability of Chironomus plumosus L. and Chironomus anthracinus Zett. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from industrial and municipal polluted areas of Finland. Caryologia, (Fierenze), v.53, 1, 69 - 81.

112. Michailova, P., Petrova, N., Bovero, S., Sella, G., Ramella, L. 2000. Structural and functional rearrangements in polytene chromosomes of Chironomids (Diptera) as biomarkers for heavy metal pollution in aquatic ecosystems. In: Proceeding of heavy metal Conference, University in Michingan, USA, August 6-10, 2000, 70 - 75.

113. Michailova, P., Petrova, N., Bovero, S., Caviccioli, O., Ramella, L., Sella, G. 2000. Effect of environmental pollution on the chromosomal variability of Chironomus riparius Meigen (Diptera, Chironomidae) larvae from two Piedmont stations. Genetica, (Hague),108, 171-180.

114. Todorova, J., Mitkova, A., Bakalova, A., Dolapchiev, L., Michailova, P. 2000. The effect of Cr(NO3)3 on two model species of the family Chironomidae, Diptera - heat shock responce and heat shock proteins 70.Biologia, Cellular and Molecular Biology, (Bratislava), 55, 6, 709 - 716.

115. Michailova, P. 2001. Cytogenetic characteristics of the Chironomus plumosus group (Chironomidae, Diptera) in Finland. Cytobios, (Cambridge), 105, 99 - 114.

116. Rakisheva А., Petrova, N., Michailova, P. 2001. Larval morphology and karyotype peculiarities of Chironomus jonmartini Lindeberg, Wiederholm (Diptera, Chironomidae) from south Russian populations. Entom. Obozrenie., (Moskow), 80 2, 512 - 517. (In Russian).

117. Polukonova,N., Belijanina S., Michailova, P. 2001. Morphological and karyological peculiarities of Chironomus curabilis Beljanina, Sigareva (Chironomidae, Diptera) and it’s separated in “nuditarsis” group. In: Evolution, Genetics, Ecology and biodiversity. Vladivostok, 1, 24 - 30.

118. Michailova, P., Petrova, N., Sella, G., Bovero, S., Ramella, L., Regoli, F., Zelano, V. 2001. Genotoxic effects of chromium on polytene chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Meigen 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Fiеrenze), 54, 1, 59 - 71.

119. Sella, G., Robotti, C., Michailova, P., Ramella, L. 2001. Repetitive DNA size variation in three sections of the chromosome EF in a population of Chironomus riparius Mg (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Piedmont (Italy). Caryologia, (Firenze), 54, 2, 155 - 160.

120. Michailova, P., Warchalowska - Sliwa, E. 2001. Karyotype Orthoselection in Species of Two Phylogenetically Distant Groups of Insects - Diptera: Chironomidae and Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 53, 2, 79 - 90.

121. Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., Petrova, N., White, K. 2001. Rearrangements in the salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) following exposure to lead. Caryologia, (Firenze), 54, 4, 349 - 363.

122. Michailova, P., Warchalowska-Sliva, E., Kownacki, A. 2001. Cytotaxonomic Characteristics of the Genus Glyptotendipes Kieffer (Chironomidae, Diptera) from Fish and Retention Ponds (Silesia, southern Poland). Folia Biologica (Krakow), 49, 3 - 4, 163 -173.

123. Michailova, P. 2002. The effect of anthropogenic factors on polytene chromosomes and function of family Chironomidae, Dipteras. Oncologus, 2, 43-47. (In Bulgarian).

124. Michailova, P., Todorova, K, White, K. 2002. The effect of lead on the salivary gland chromosomes of Glyptotendipes salinus Michailova (Chironomidae, Diptera). Biologia, Section, Cellular and Mol. Biology, (Bratislava), 57, 3, 359 - 367.

125. Michailova, P., Krastanov, B., Kownadcki, A. 2002. Cytotaxonomical characteristics of genus Chironomus Meigen (Diptera, Chironomidae) from different localities of Poland. Annales Zoologici, (Warsaw), 52, 2, 215 - 225.

126. Petrova, N., Michailova, P. 2002. Cytogenetic characteristics of Chironomus bernensis Klötzli (Diptera, Chironomidae) from a heavy metal polluted station in Northern Italy. Annales Zoologici, (Warsaw), 52, 2, 227 - 233.

127. Bovero, S., Hankeln, T., Michailova, P., Schmidt, E., Sella, G. 2002. Nonrandom chromosomal distribution of spontaneous breakpoints and satellite DNA clusters in two geographically distant populations of Chironomus riparius (Diptera, Chironomidae). Genetica, (Hague), 115, 3, 273 –281.

128. Michailova, P. Ilkova, J., White, K. 2003. Functional and structural rearrangements of salivary gland polytene chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) in response of freshly neutralised aluminium. Environm. Pollution, (USA), 123,193 - 207.

129. Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., White, K. 2003. Cytogenetic alterations in Prodiamesinae species (Diptera, Chironomidae) from different polluted regions. Folia Biol., (Krakow), 51, 70 - 79.

130. Warchalowska - Sliwa, E., Maryanksa - Nadachowska A., Michailova, P., Tchobanov D. 2003. “C” - Heterochromatin pattern of ten species of Tetrigids (Tetrigidae, Orthoptera). Folia Biol., (Krakow), 51, 1-2, 47 – 53.

131. Michailova, P. 2004. Chironomus usenicus (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Bulgaria: Еxternal morphology and Karyotype. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 56, 1: 3-14.

132. Sella G., Bovero S.,Ginepro M., Michailova, P., Petrova N., Robotti C., Zelano V. 2004. Inherited and somatic variability in Palearctic populations of Chironomus riparius Meigen 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Genome, (Canada) (Ottawa), 47, 322-344.

133. Petrova N., Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., 2004. Comparative cytogenetic variability in the salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Mg. 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from trace metal polluted biotopes in Bulgaria and Russia. Genetika, (Moscow), 40, 1, 49-58. (In Russian).

134. Petrova N.A., Michailova, P., Ilkova J., 2004. Comparative Cytogenetic variation of the salivary gland Polytene Chromosomes in Chironomus riparius Mg. 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from two Polluted Biotopes of Bulgaria and Russia. Russian Journal of Genetics, 40, 1, 40-48.

135. Petrova N., Michailova, P.,Chubareva L.,Shobanov, N., Zelentsov N., 2004. The system of A.A. Chernovskii (1949) as a base of the cytotaxonomy of the family Chironomidae. Euroasian Entomological journal, /Tomsk/ 3, 4, 253-258. (In Russian).

136. Michailova P., Petrova N., 2004. Natural Hybridization in insects, Diptera (Model group – family Chironomidae). In: “Evolution and Ecology – 2004”. (Ed. N. Bakardjieva, P.Michailova), 9 -19.

137. Ilkova J., Michailova, P., Sella G., Zampicinini,G., Cervella P., Bovero S., Brunetti S. 2004. Satellite DNA clusters, transposable elements and chromosome rearrangements in the salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Mg (Diptera, Chironomidae) chronically treated with Al ions. In: “Evolution and Ecology – 2004” (Ed. N. Bakardjieva, P.Michailova), 20 -26.

138. Correia L., S. Strixino, Michailova, P. 2005. A new species of Chironomus Meigen, 1803 (Diptera, Chironomidae) of Southeast Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Еnvironment, 40, 1, 29-38.

139. Polukonova, N., Belijanina, S., Michailova, P., Golygina V., В. 2005. Comparative katyotype analysis of Chironomus nuditarsis and Chironomus curabilis (Chironomidae, Diptera). Zool.journal., /Moskow/ 2, 84, 195-206. (In Russian).

140. Michailova P., Warchalowska-Sliva E., Krastanov B., Kownacki A., 2005. Cytogenetic variability in species of genus Chironomus (Diptеrа, Chironomidae) from Poland. Caryologia, /Firenze/, 58, 4, 345 - 358.

141. Michailova P., A. Kownacki, E. Warchalowska-Sliwa and E. Szarek-Gwiazda., 2005. Two cytotypes of Kiefferulus tendipediformis (Goetghebuer, 1921) (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, /Fierenze/, 58,1, 62 - 69.

142. Warchalowska-Sliwa, E., Niklinska, M., Görlich, A., Michailova, P., Pyza, E., 2005. Heavy metal accumulation, heat shock protein expression and cytogenetic changes in Tetrix tenuicornis (L.) (Tetrigidae, Orthoptera) from polluted areas. Environ. Pollution, /USA/,133, 2, 373 - 381.

143. Correia L., S. Trivinho-Strixino & Michailova, P., 2006 A new species of Chironomus Meigen (Diptera: ChironomidaeChironominae) from polluted streams of southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, (New Ziland), 1130, 57 - 68.

144. Kiknadze I.I., Michailova, P., Istomina A., Golygina V., Krastanov, B., 2006. Chromosome polymorphism and populations divergency of Chironomus nuditarsis Str. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Tsitologia, (S.Petersburg), 48 ,7, 595-609. (In Russina).

145. Michailova, P., Petrova N., Ilkova J., Bovero S., Brunetti S., White K., Sella G., 2006. Genotoxic effect of cooper on salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Meigen 1804 (Diрtera, Chironomidae). Environm.Pollution, /USA/, 144, 647 - 654.

146. Jabłońska-Barna I., Michailova, P., 2006. Chironomus usenicus Loginova, Belyanina, 1994 (Diptera, Chironomidae) a species cytotaxoinomically identified from Kortowskie lake, Poland. Pol. J. Natur. Sci., 21, 2, 959-969.

147. Michailova, P., Petrova N., 2006. Comparative effect of heavy metals on the polytene chromosomes of Chironomidae, Diptera. In: Proceedings of the Balkan Scientific Conference of Biology in Plovdiv, (Bulgaria) May 19-21, 2005,(eds.B.Gruev, M.Nikolova, and A.Donev), 539-552.

148. Krastanov B., Michailova, P., 2006. Chromosome variability of Chironomus nuditarsis Str. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Bulgaria. In: Annual of Konstantin Preslavsky University, Shumen, v. XVIB4, 234 - 247.

149. Michailova, P., Ilkova J., Petrova N., Selvaggi A., Zampicinini GP., Sella G., 2007. Relationship between chromosome rearrangements and repetitive DNA clusters in Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from anthropogenic polluted Palaearctic regions. Comparative Cytogenetics, (S.Pterersburg), 1, 1, 45-49.

150. Michailova, P. 2007. (Chapter of Monograph) Family Chironomidae (Diptera) from Rhodopes Mountains. In: Biodiversity of Bulgaria.3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). I.Pensoft & Nat.Mus.Natur.Hist., Sofia (ed. P.Beron), 711-718.

151. Michailova, P., Sella G., Petrova N., 2007. Effect of heavy metals on the genome of a model Insect group (Diptera, Chironomidae). In Proceedings “Evolution and Ecology” (Eds. N.Bakardjieva, St. Chankova, B.Krastanov, Sv. Gateva), 36 - 44.

152. Michailova, P., White K., 2007. Morphology of the ventromental plates of two cytotypes of Kiefferullus tendipediformis (Goethgebuer, 1921) (Diptera, Chironomidae). Compt.r.Acad.Bulg.des Sciences, 60, 7, 775 – 778.

153. Ilkova, J., Hankeln T., Schmidt E., Michailova, P., Sella, G., Zampicinini, GP., Petrova, N., White, K., 2007. Genome instability of Chironomus riparius Mg. and Chironomus piger Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae). Caryologia, (Fierenze), 60, 4, 299-305.

154. Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., Kerr, R., White, K. 2008.Genome alterations in Chironomus (Diptera) subject to different degrees of trace metal pollution. (Ed. Iliana Velcheva, A.Tsekov) In: Proceedings of the Anniversary Scientific Conference of Ecology, Plovdiv, November 1st, 319-326.

155. Michailova, P., Ilkova J., Kerr R., White K., 2008. Effect of trace metals at Acid and Neutral Conditions on the Structure and Function of Polytene chromosomes in Chironomus species. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal Supp., 13, 61 – 68.

156. Michailova, P., Krastanov B., Matena J., 2008. Chromosomal polymorphism of Chironomus plumosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Bulgaria (Pazardjik region) and the Czech Republic (Ceske Budejovice region). Comparative Cytogenetics, 2, 1, 57-65.

157. Michailova, P., Jablonska - Barna I., 2008. Chromosomal Polymorphism of Camptochironomus tentans (Fabricius 1805) (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Luknajno (Mazurian Lakeland), Poland. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 60, 2, 155-163.

158. Ilkova J., Michailova, P., Petrova N., Sella G., Hankeln T., Schmidt E., 2008. Repetative DNA localization in two Homosequental species of the genus Chironomus Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae) and their genome reaction to anthropogenic factors. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, Suppl. 2, 41- 48.

159. Krastanov B., Michailova, P., 2008. Cytotaxonomic Characteristic of species of plumosus Group in genus Chironomus Meigen, 1803 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Bulgaria and Poland. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, Suppl. 2, 49 -60.

160. Gunderina L., Kiknadze I., Michailova, P., Krastanov B., 2008. Variation and divergence of genomic DNA in Chironomus plumosus L. and Chironomus balatonicus Devai, Wülker, Scholl (Diptera, Chironomidae) in natural populations of Russia and Bulgaria. Euroasian Entomological journal, 8, 2, 167-174.

161. Michailova, P., Ilkova J., Hankeln T., Schmidt E., Selvaggi, Zampicinini G., Sella G., 2009. Somatic breakpoints, distribution of repetative DNA and non-LTR retrotransposones insertion sites in the chromosomes of Chironomus piger Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae). Genetica, (Hague), 135, 137 – 148.

162. Michailova, P., Krastanov B., Hankeln T., Schmidt E., Kraemer C.,2009 In situ localization of the evolutionary conserved Cpy/Cth gene in the subfamily Chironomidae (Chironomidae, Diptera):establishment of chtromosomal homology. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research (Berlin), 47, 3, 298 – 301.

163. Michailova, P., Szarek – Gwiazda E., Kovnacki A., 2009. Effect of Contaminants on the Genome of some species of genus Chironomus (Chironomidae, Diptera) Live in Sediments of Dunajec River and Czorsztyn Reservoir. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, (Canada), 202, 245-258.

164. Michailova, P. Ilkova J., Kerr R., White K., 2009. Chromosome variability in Chironomus acidophilus Keyl from the Afon Goach, UK – a river subject to long – term metal pollution. Aquatic insects, 31, 3, 213 – 225.

165. Michailova, P., Jablonska Barna I., 2009. Cytogenetic characteristics of species of the Chironomus genus (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Lake Luknajno Biosphere Reserve (northwest Poland). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, (Gdansk) 2, 77-81.

166. Michailova, P., 2009. The Karyotype and External Morphology of Dicrotendipes lobiger Kieffer, 1921 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from different regions of Bulgaria.Acta Zool.Bulgarica, 61, 2, 115 – 121.

167. Michailova, P., Sen A., Ilkova I., Berber R., Karadurmus E., Duran M., 2009.Response at different levels of the genome of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) collected from polluted rivers in Bulgaria and Turkey – preliminary results. Genetics and Breeding, 38, 1, 21- 27.

168. Michailova, P., Jablonska Barna I. Kownacki A., 2010. The Karyotype of Chironomus acerbiphilus Tokunaga, 1939 (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Poland. Zootaxa. 2359, 65 – 67.

169. Michailova, P., 2010. Rearrangenemts in Chironomidae (Diptera) genomes induced by various environmental stress factors. Vestnik VОGiS, Novosibirsk, 1, 14, 43 – 55.

170. Michailova, P., Atanasov N., Ilkova J.,Chassovnikarova,T., Duran M., Karadurmus E., 2010. Genome response of Model Invertebrates and Vertebrates species to stress agents in the Environment. BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 24. 390 – 396.

171. Michailova, P., Petrova N., Sella G., Bovero S., White K., Ramella L. 2010. Cytogenetic Biomarkers in Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera) as indicators of heavy metal pollution. In: Proceedings of the XV International Symposium on Chironomidae, USA, Minnesota University (ed.: Leonard Ferrington), 235-243.

172. Michailova, P., Sella G., Petrova N., 2010. Genome responce of Model Insect group (Chironomidae, Diptera) to trace metal Contaminants in the Environbment. Recent Advance in Mathematics and Computers in Business, Economics Biology and Chemistry. Proceedings of the 11 th WSEAS International Conference on Mathematics and Computers in Biology and Chemistry “G.Enescu” University, Iasi, Romania, June 13-15, 2010, 366 – 372

173. Michailova, P., 2011. Rearrangenemts in Chironomidae (Diptera) genomes induced by various environmental stress factors. Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 10–20.

174. Michailova P., Szarek – Gwiazda E., Kownacki A., Warchalowska – Sliva E., 2011. Biodiversity of Chironomidae (Diptera) and genome response to trace metals in the environment. Pestycydy/Pesticides, 1-4, 41-48. .

175. Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., Duran, M., Karadurmus, E.,Berber, R.,Sen, A., 2012.Structural and functional alterations in salivary gland chromosomes and enzyme activity of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from anthropogenically polluted stations in Bulgaria and Turkey. Caryologia, 65 (2): 157–169. (IF – 0.632).( ISSN: 0008-7114).

176. Мichailova, P., Szarek-Gwiazda, Е., Kownacki, A. Does biodiversity of macroinvertebrates and genome response of Chironomidae larvae (Diptera) reflect heavy metal pollution in a small pond? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184 (1) (2012): 1-14. (IF -1.592).( ISSN: 0167-6369). DOI: 10.1007/s10661-011-1942-9

177. Michailova, P., Sella, G., Petrova, N., 2012. Chironomids (Diptera) and their salivary gland chromosomes as indicators of trace metal genotoxicology. Italian Journal of Zoology, 79: 218 -230. (IF -0.890).( ISSN: 1125-0003.

178. Michailova, P., Szarek – Gwiazda, E., Kownacki,A., Warchalowska – Sliva E., 2012. Genomic alterations recorded in two species of Chironomidae (Diptera) in the Upper Jurassic limestone area of the Ojców National Park, Poland attributable to natural and anthropogenic factors. European J. of Entomology , 109: 479–490. (IF -0.918). abstract=1733 ISSN 1210-5759 (print), 1802-8829 (online).

179. Duran, M., Michailova, P., Sari, A.,Ilkova J., Sen A., Karadurmus E., 2012. Assessment of the sediment toxicity in Bulgarian and Turkish Rivers using the biomarkers in Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae). Acta zool. bulg., Suppl. 4: 167-173.(IF- 0.309). (ISSN 0324 – 0770).

180. Jablonska – Brana, I., Kobnacki, A., Langton, P., Michailova, P. , 2012.The external morphology of Chironomus acerbiphilus Tokunaga,1939 a senior synonym of C.crassimanus Strenzke (Diptera,Chironomidae) from Poland. Annales Zoologici, 62(4) (2012): 633-638, (IF -0.660).( ISSN: 1734-1833). DOI: 10.3161/000345412X659696.

181. Michailova, P., Sella G., Petrova N., 2012. Polytene chromosomes of Chironomidae (Diptera) as a bioassay of trace-metal-induced genome instability. Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Chironomidae . Fauna norvegica, 31, 227-234.

182. Michаilova, P., Kownazki, A., Langton, P., 2013. Chironomus polonicus sp. n. (Diptera: Chironomidae) from southern Poland. Zootaxa, 3599, 6: 564–576. (IF - 0.974) (ISSN: 1175-1326).м;

183. Jablonska-Barna, I., Szarek-Gwiazda, E., Michailova, P., 2013. Environmental agents in Lake Łuknajno (Poland) affecting the genome of Chironomus melanotus Keyl, 1961 (Diptera, Chironomidae) – a new species of Polish fauna. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 42 (2): 164–172. (IF -0.400) (ISSN:1897-3191). DOI: 10.2478/s13545-013-0070-2.

184. Ilkova, J., Cervella, P., Zampicinini, G.P., Sella, G., Michailova, P., 2013. Chromosomal breakpoints and transposable-element-insertion sites in salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Meigen (Diptera, Chironomidae) from trace metal polluted stations. Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 65 (1):63-79 (IF- 0.309) (ISSN: 0324-0770).

185. Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., Cervella, P., Santovito, A., Sella, G., 2013. NOR activity in Chironomus riparius Mg (Diptera, Chironomidae) is affected by chronic exposure to trace metal pollution. Comptes rendus de l’Acad´emie bulgare des Sciences, 66 (9): 1273-1278. IF (0.211) (ISSN 1310-1331).

186. Szarek – Gwiazda, E., Michailova, P., Ilkova, J., Kownazki, A., Ciszewski, D., Kwaterczak, U.A., 2013. Biodiversitry and genome alterations in Chironomidae (Diptera) from chronic heavy metal pollution stream in southern Poland. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 42 (4): 462-469 (IF-0.400) (ISSN: 1897-3191). DOI: 10.2478/s13545-013-0102-y.

187. Correia, L.S., Trivinho-Strixino, S., Michailova, P., 2013 Chironomus amissum sp. n. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica,13,4 ,133-138. (ISSN: 1676-0603 on line).

188a. Петрова, Н., Михайлова, П., Боверо, С., Ceлла, Г. ,2013. Кариотипы четырех видов хирономид (Diptera, Cffironomidae) из Северной Италии. Цитология, 55 (6), 436–442 . (ISSN 0041-3771).

188b. Petrova, N., Michailova, P., Bovero, S., Sella, G., 2013. Karyotypes of four species of Chironomids (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Northern Italy. Cell and Tissue Biol., 7 (5), 465-471.(ISSN: 1990- 519X).

189. Михайлова, П., Илкова, Ю., 2013. (Chapter of Monograph). Политенни хромозоми при сем.Chironomidae, Diptera и тяхното значение за биомониторинга. В: Геномна биомаркерна тест система за оценка състоянието на екологичния риск, (Ред. /Михайлова, П., Грозева, С). София-Москва, Pensoft, 1-137. (ISBN – 978-954-642-708-3).

190. Михайлова, П., Часовникарова, Ц., Илкова, Ю., Грозева, С., Чобанов, Д., Вархаловска-Слива, Е., Симов, Н., Атанасов, Н., Митковска, В., Димитров, Хр.2013. (Chapter of Monograph). Въведение. В: Геномна биомаркерна тест система за оценка състоянието на екологичния риск (Ред. /Михайлова, П., Грозева, С). София-Москва, Pensoft, 1-137. (ISBN – 978-954-642-708-3).

191. Michailova, P., Kownacki A., Woznicka O., White K., Dean A., Szarek-Gwiazda E.2014. Macropelopia nebulosa group (Diptera, Chironomidae, Tanypodinae) – karyotype and morphology of larvae and pupae.Zootaxa, 3852,1, 83-100, DOI: ISSN: 1175-5334, IF=1.060.

192. Ilkova J., Michailova, P., Thomas A., White K. 2014. Genome instability of Chironomus riparius Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae) from polluted water basins in Bulgaria. Ecologia Balkanica, 5, 1-8. ISSN: 1313-9940.

193. Michailova, P. 2014. (Chapter of Monograph). Polytene chromosomes and their significance for taxonomy, speciation and genotoxicology. In: Short View on Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, ( Ed.) Raman Chandrasekar, BK Tyagi, ZZ Gui, and Gerald Reeck. Printed in the K-State Union, Copy and Printing services, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, KS, USA.14 Chapter –pp.331-353, ISBN: 978-1-63315-205-2.

194. Chandrasekar R., Brintha PG., Park E., Pelsoi P., Liu F., Goldsmith M., Ejiofor A., Pittendrigh BR., Han YS., NoriegaF., Sugumaran M., Tyagi BK., Gui Zh., Zhu F., Patnaik B., Michailova, P. 2014. (Chapter of Monograh). Introduction to Insect Molecular Biology. In: Short Views on Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. , (Ed.) Raman Chandrasekar, BK Tyagi, ZZ Gui, and Gerald Reeck. Printed in the K-State Union, Copy and Printing services,Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, KS, USA.1 Chapter, pp. 3 – 55, ISBN: 978-1-63315-205-2.

195. Michailova, P., Ilkova J., Dean AP, White KN. 2015. Cytogenetic index and functional genome alterations in Chironomus piger Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae) in the assessment of sediment pollution: A case study of Bulgarian and UK rivers. Ecotoxicology and Environment Safety, 111, 220-227. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.10.018. ISSN: 0147-6513, IF=2.48.

196. Михайлова, П., Петрова Н. 2015.(Обзор). Биоиндикаторный потенциал цитогенетической изменчивости политенных хромосом Хирономид (Diptera, Chironomidae) для оценки загрязнений окружающей среды. Цитология и Генетика, 49,4,262-269. ISSN: 1934-9440.

197. Michailova, P. 2015. Genomic changes in speciation of the family Chironomidae, Diptera. Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology, 4, (1), 1- 8, ISSN: 1314-6246.

198. Michailova, P., Ilkova J., Mariyanska-Nadachowska A., Warchalowska-Sliwa. 2015. Characterization of Heterochromatin in the salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus riparius Meigen and Chironomus piger Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae) by Differential and Fluorochrome Staining. Folia Biol., 63,2, 108-117. ISSN 1743-9168.

199. Michailova P., Hirvenojа M. 2015. Larval Morphology and karyotype of Chironomid larvae (Diptera, Chironomidae) from the Brakish water of Tvarminne area, Finland. Compt. Rendus de L’ Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 68, 6, 729 - 736.

200. Michailova P., Petrova N., 2015. Bioindicator Potential of Cytogenetic Variability in Polytene Chromosomes of Chironomids (Diptera, Chironomidae) to Assess Environmental Pollution. ISSN 0095_4527, Cytology and Genetics, 2015, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 262–269.

201. Michailova P., and Ferrington Jr.L.C.2016. Larva and Karyotype of Xenochironomus sp. (Diptera,Chironomidae) from North America.: Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 89(1):53-64.Published By: Kansas Entomological Society, DOI:;URL:

202. Michailova P., Ilkova J., White K. 2016. Implications of Genome alterations in Chironomus bernensis Klotzli (Diptera) for assessment of trace metal pollution in two Bulgarian rivers. River Research and Applications. DOI:10.1002/rra.2927. 32: 914–924.

203. Kownacki A., Woznucka O., Szarek-Gwiazda E., Michailova P.,2016.
Larva of Glyptotendipes (Glyptotendipes) glaucus (Meigen 1818) (Chironomidae, Diptera)—morphology by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), karyotype, and biology in laboratory conditions. Zootaxa 4169 (3): 555–570.

204. Kownacki A., Woznucka O., Szarek-Gwiazda E., Michailova P.,Czaplicka, A., 2017. Morphology of the adult male and pupal exuviae of Glyptotendipes
(Glyptotendipes) glaucus (Meigen 1818) (Diptera, Chironomidae)
using scanning electron microscope (SEM).Zootaxa 4237 (2): 383–392.

205. Barna I.J., Michailova P.,Langton P., Kobak J., Kakareko T., Poznanska M., 2017.
The karyotype and external morphology of Stictochironomus sticticus (Fabricius, 1781) (Diptera:Chironomidae) from Poland.Annales Zoologici (Warrszawa), 67 (1): 29- 40.

206.Ilkova J., Michailova P., Szarek-Gwiazda E., Kownacki A., Ciszewski D., 2017. The response o genome of the Chironomidae (Diptera) to heavy metals pollution in two Rivers of southern Poland. Acta zool. bulg., Suppl. 8, 2017: 9-15. ISSN: 0324-0770. (IF= 0.413).

207. Michailova P., Martin J.,Butler M., 2017. In Memoriam: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Friedrich Wülker. CHIRONOMUS Journal of Chironomidae Research, No. 30, 2017: 3-5.

208. Acosta R.,Prat N.,Ribera C., Michailova P.,Hernandez - Fonseca M., Alcocer J. 2017. Chironomus alchichica sp. n. (Diptera: Chironomidae) from Lake Alchichica, Mexico. Zootaxa 4365 (1): 053–070,ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition), ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition), (IF = 0.992).

209. Michailova P., Kuznetsova V., Grozeva S., Ilkova J., Petrova N., 2018.
In Memoriam: Professor Iya Kiknadze (1930–2017). CompCytogen 12(1): 141–144 .
doi: 10.3897/. CompCytogen.v12i1.24550 (IF=1.151).

211. Michailova P., Ilkova J., Szarek- Gwiazda E.,Kownacki A., Ciszewski D., 2018. Genome instability in Chironomus annularius sensu Strenzke (Diptera, Chironomidae): A biomarker for assessment of the heavy metal contaminants in Poland. J. Limnol., 2018; 77(s1): 15-24.DOI: 10.4081/jlimnol.2018.1710. Journal ISSN: 1129-5767 (IF=1.277).

212. Kownacki A., Szarek- Gwiazda E Dykas M.,Jablonska Brana I., Michailova P.2018.Comparison of selected parts of larval morphology in some species of the genus Chironomus (Diptera: Chironomidae) using Scanning Electron Microscope.J. Limnol., 2018; 77(s1): 25-30,DOI: 10.4081/jlimnol.2018.1739. Journal ISSN: 1129-5767 (IF=1.277).

212. Ilkova I.,Michailova P.,Szarek-Gwiazda E.,Kownacki A., Ciszewski D., 2018.Prodiamesa olivacea Meigen and Prodiamesa bureshi Michailova (Diptera, Chironomidae, Prodiamesinae) as a candidate for assessing the genotoxicity of trace metals
in fluvial sediments. Environ Monit Assess (2018) 190:542,2-12, Journal ISSN: 0167-6369, (IF= 1.804).

Reports in Congresses, Symposia and Conference
by Prof. Dr. Paraskeva Michailova, D.Sc


Animal Diversity and Resources
Biodiversity and Ecology of Invertebrates
Research group
Cytotaxonomy and Evolution


Член от
6 години 43 седмици