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Iva Apostolova

снимка на Iva Apostolova

Personal information


Institute of Biodiverssity and Ecosystem research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Acad. G. Bonchev, blok 23, tel. +359 2 9793760,

Curriculum vitae

1975-1980 Mgr. Sofia Universty (Ecology)
1987-1990 Ph.D. Institute of Botany, BAS (ecology)

Membership of professional bodies:
International Association for Vegetation Science
European Vegetation Survey
European Dry Grassland Group

Key qualifications:
study of Bulgarian natural and seminatural vegetation
vegetation and habitat mapping
biodiversity monitoring
ecology of species and plant communities
management plans for protected areas and Natura 2000 sites

Professional experience of project work:
European gradients of resilience in the fase of climate extremes (Signal), ERA-NET BiodivERsa 2012-77 (2012-2015)
Conservation of biodiversity in hot spots with glacial relict plants in Bulgarian mountains (BG0034), EEA Grants (2009-2011)
Biology, ecology and control of alien invasive species in Bulgarian flora (2009-2012)
Red Data Book, vol 1 Plants and fungi (2009-2011)
Optimization of the Natura 2000 network in Bulgaria (2007-2009)
Important plant areas in Bulgaria, Plantlife international (2006-2008)
Inventory of the biodiversity of mountain and lowland wet grasslands (2005-2010)
Management plans for conservation rare plants Viola pumila and Fritillaria meleagroides in Bulgaria (2004-2006)
National Grassland Inventory Project (PINMATRA 2001/020) (2001-2004)
Developing Management Plans for Central Balkan and Rila National Parks (1997-2000)
Studying and mapping the biodiversity of high mountain pastures in Central Balkan National Park (1995-1996)
CORINE-biotopes Project in Bulgaria; selection of Bulgarian habitats, contribution to the Palearctic classification in respect to the Bulgarian habitats (1993-1997)
Developing National Biodiversity Strategy (1992-1994)

Research interests

vegetation classification, vegetation conservation, habitat and vegetation mapping, plant ecology, management protected areas


Vassilev, K., Pedashenko, H., Velev, N. & Apostolova, I. Grassland vegetation of Special Protection Area “Ponor”. Acta Zool. Bulg., (in press).
Eliáš, P., Sopotlieva, D., Dítě, D., Hájková, P., Apostolova, I.,Senko, D., Melečková, Z. & Hájek, M. Vegetation diversity of salt-rich grasslands in South-Eastern Europe. Applied Vegetation Science, 16(3)(2013): 521-537.
Apostolova, I., Pedashenko, H., Sopotlieva, D., Velev, N., Vassilev, K. & Meshinev, T. 2013. Arctic-Alpine plants in Bulgarian mountains. – Lazaroa, 34: 55-63.
Vassilev, K., Asenov, V., Apostolova, I. Overview on the distribution and communities of Edraianthus serbicus in Bulgaria. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural science, 19(2) (2013): 255-259
Apostolova I, Sopotlieva D, Pedashenko H, Velev N, Vassilev K. 2012. Bulgarian vegetation database – current status and essential features. – In: Dengler, J., Oldeland, J., Jansen, F., Chytrý, M., Ewald, J., Finckh, M., Glöckler, F., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Peet, R.K., Schaminée, J.H.J. (Eds.) Vegetation databases for the 21st century. – Biodiversity & Ecology 4, pp. 141-148. Biocentre Klein Flottbek and Botanical Garden, Hamburg.
Vassilev, K., Apostolova, I & Pedashenko, H. 2012. Festuco-Brometea in Western Bulgaria with an emphasis on Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati. – Hacquetia 11(1): 233-254.
Peev, D., Petrova, A., Apostolova, I. & Assyov, B. [eds]. 2012. Important Plant Areas in Bulgaria. Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Sofia.
Pedashenko, H., Apostolova, V. & Vassilev, K. 2012. Amorpha fruticosa invasibility of different habitats in lower Danube. – Phytologia Balcanica 18(3): 285-292.
Vassilev, K., Pedashenko, H., Nikolov, S. C., Apostolova, I. & Dengler, J. 2011. Effect of land abandonment on the vegetation of upland semi-natural grasslands in the Western Balkan Mts., Bulgaria. – Plant Biosystems 145(3): 654-665.
Velev, N., Apostolova, I., Rozbrojová, Z. 2011. Alliance Arrhenatherion elatioris in West Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica, 17(1): 67-78.
Velev, N., Apostolova, I., Fajmonová, Z. 2011. Cynosurus cristatus grasslands in West Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica, 17(2): 221-236.
Horsák, M., Hájek, M., Hájková, P., Cameron, R., Cernohorský, N., Apostolova, I. 2011. Mollusc communities in Bulgarian fens: predictive power of the environment, vegetation, and spatial structure in an isolated habitat. – Naturwissenschaften 98: 671-681.
Hájek, M., Hájková,P., Apostolova, I., Horsák, M., Rozbrojová, Z., Sopotlieva, & Velev, N. 2010. The insecure future of Bulgarian refugial mires: economic progress versus Natura 2000. Oryx 44(4): 539-546.
Velev, N., Vasilev, K., Rozbrojová, S., Apostolova, I., Delcheva, M. & Bancheva, S. 2010. Repords 85-91. - In: Vladimirov, V. & al. (comps). New Floristic Records in the Balkans: 13. Phytologia Balcanica 16(1): 160-161.
Pedashenko, H., Vassilev, K., Apostolova, I. 2010. Local occurrence of Artemisia chamaemelifolia Vill. in Bulgaria. – Annali di Botanica (Roma), 0: 51-56.
Velev, N., Apostolova, I., Rozbrojová, Z. & Hájková, P. 2010. The alliances Arrhenatherion, Cynosurion and Trifolion medii in western Bulgaria – environmental gradients and ecological limitations. Hacquetia, 9(2) (): 207-220.
Hajek, M. Hájková, P., Apostolova, I. Horsák, M., Plasek, Shaw, B., Lazarova, M. 2009. Disjunct occurrences of plant species in the refugial mires of Bulgaria. – Folia Geobotanica 44: 365-386.
Velev, N., Apostolova, I. 2009. A review of Potentillo ternatae – Nardion strictae alliance. – Hacquetia 8(1): 49-67.
Pedashenko, H., Meshinev T., Apostolova, I. 2009. Herbaceous vegetation on carbonate terrains in Lozenska Mt. – Phytologia Balcanica 15 (2): 245-253.
Hájek, M., Hájková, P., Sopotlieva, D., Apostolova, I., Velev, N. 2008. The Balkan wet grassland vegetation: A prerequisite to better understanding of European habitat diversity. – Plant ecology 195: 197-213.
Apostolova, I., Petrova, A., Meshinev, T., Danihelka. J. 2008. Stipa ucrainica (Poaceae): a recently recognized native species in the Bulgarian flora. – Phytologia Balcanica 14(2): 257-262.
Velev, N., Apostolova, I. 2008. Successional changes of Nardus stricta communities in the Central Balkan Range (Bulgaria). – Phytologia Balcanica 14(1): 75-84.
Hájková, P., Hájek, M., Apostolova, I., Zelený & Dité, D. 2008. Shifts in the ecological behaviour of plant species between two distant regions: evidence from the base richness gradient in mires. – Journal of Biogeography 35: 282-294.
Hájek M., Hájková P. & Apostolova I. 2008. New plant associations from Bulgarian mires. – Phytologia Balcanica 14(3): 377–399.
Hájek, M., Tichý, L., Schamp, B., Zelený, D., Roleček, J., Hájková, P., Apostolova, I., Dité, D. 2007. Testing species pool hypotesis for mire vegetation: exploring the influence of pH specialists and habitat history. – Oikos 116(8): 1311-1322.
Sopotlieva, D. & Apostolova, I. 2007. The association Erysimo – Trifolietum Micev. 1977 in Bulgaria and some remarks on its Mediterranean character. – Hacquetia 6(2): 131-141.
Apostolova, I. & Petrova, A.S., Meshinev T. 2007. Hay meadows with Trisetum flavescens in Bulgaria: syntaxonomy and implications for nature conservation. – Phytologia Balcanica 13(3): 401-411.
Vassilev, K., Meshinev, T. & Apostolova, I. 2007. Records 89-94. - In: Vladimirov, V. & al. (comps). New Floristic Records in the Balkans: 4. - Phytologia Balcanica 13(1): 119p.
Petrova, A.S., Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I. 2007. Records 61-79. – In: Vladimirov, V. & al. (comps). New Floristic Records in the Balkans: - Phytologia Balcanica 6. 13(3): 442-445.
Hajek, M., Velev, N., Sopotlieva, D., Apostolova, I. & Rozbrojova, Z. 2007. Records 51-57. - In: Vladimirov, V. & al. (comps). New Floristic Records in the Balkans: 6 – Phytologia Balcanica. 13(3): 440-441.
Hájková, P., Hájek, M. & Apostolova, I. 2006. Diversity of wetland vegetation in the Bulgarian high mountains, main gradients and context-dependence of the pH role. – Plant ecology. 184 (1): 111-130.
Apostolova, I., Meshinev, T. 2006. Classification of semi-natural grasslands in North-Eastern Bulgaria. - Annali di Botanica, nuova serie, 6: 29-52.
Hájek, M., Hájková, P., Apostolova, I. 2006. New wetland vascular plants for Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica 12(3): 367-370.
Hájek, M., Hájková, P., Apostolova, I., Sopotlieva, D. & Velev, N. 2006. Report 49-52. In: Vladimirov, V, Feruzan, D., Nikoloc, T., Stevanovic, V. & Tan, K. New floristic records in the Balkans: 2. – Phytologia Balcanica 12(2): 286-287.
Dimitrova, D., Vladimirov, V., Apostolova, I. 2005. Leontodon saxatilis (Asteraceae) a new species for the Bulgarian flora. – Flora Mediterranea 15: 219-223.
Petrova, A., Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I. & Assyov, B. 2005. Vulpia fasciculata: a new species for the Bulgarian flora. – Phytologia Balcanica 11(2): 133-136.
Hájek, M., Hájková, P. & Apostolova, I. 2005. Notes on the Bulgarian wetland flora, including new national and regional records. – Phytologia Balcanica 11(2): 173-184.
Hájek, M., Tzonev, R., Hájková, P., Ganeva, A. & Apostolova, I. 2005. Plant communities of the sublapine mires and springs in the Vitosha Mt. – Phytologia Balcanica 11(2): 193-205.
Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I., Georgiev, V., Dimitrov, V., Petrova, A. & Veen, P. 2005. Grasslands in Bulgaria. Dragon 2003 Publ., Sofia, 104 p.
Мешинев, Т., Апостолова, И. 2005. Хабитатите в България. – В. Петрова, А. (ред.), Съвременно състояние на биоразнообразието в България – проблеми и перспективи. Българска биоплатформа. София, pp. 351-374.
Petrova, A., Apostolova, I., Georgiev, V. 2003. Data on the current status of the rare species Lathyrus pancicii (Jurshic) Adamovic. – Phytologia Balcanica 9(1): 3-8.
Апостолова, И., Мешинев, Т. 2002 Карта на високопланинската безлесна зона на Природен парк Витоша. В: Темнискова, Д. (ред.) Трудове на шестата Национална конференция по ботаника, София, 18-20 юни 2001 г., СУ “Св. Климент Охридски”. (С карта) 241-252.
Meshinev, T. & Apostolova, I. 2002. Transformation of quantitative estimates from the phytocoenological relevés based on the dominance approach according to the combined scale of Braun-Blanquet. – Phytologia Balcanica 8(3): 347-352.
Apostolova, I., Dimitrova, M. 2002. Stydying and mapping Astracantha aitosensis (Ivanish.) Podl. for purposes of long-term monitoring. – Phytologia Balcanica, 8(3): 341-346.
Apostolova, I., Petrova, C., Vassilev P. 2001. Flora and vegetation of the Aldomirovsko marsh protected area. – Ann. de l’Universite de Sofia “Kl.Ohridski”, Faculte de Biologie – Botanique, 93, 2: 115-132.
Apostolova, I., Meshinev, T. 2000 Biodiversity of plant communities in Central Balkan National Park. In: Sakalian, M. (ed.) Biological diversity of the Central Balkan National Park. USAID, Sofia, Pensoft: 169-267.
Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I. 2000. Distribution of higher plants biodiversity and the problem of habitat diversity in Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica, 4 (1-2): 151-159.
Yordanova, M., Apostolova, I. 2000. Estimation of the status of representative populations of Sideritis scardica in the Rhodopi Mts. – Phytologia Balcanica 6(1): 43-57.
Apostolova, I., Ganeva, A. 2000. New data on Edraianthus serbicus (Kern.) Petrovic in Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica, 6 (1): 65-71.
Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I., Kachaunova, E., Velchev, V., Bondev, I. 2000. Flora and plant communities. In: Popov, A. & Meshinev, T. (eds) High mountain treeless zone of the Central Balkan National Park. Biological diversity and problems of its conservation. BSBCP, Sofia, Pensoft: 1-337.
Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I., Koleva, E., 2000. Influence of warming on timberline rising: a case study on Pinus peuce Griseb. in Bulgaria. – Phytocoenologia, 30(3-4): 431-438.
Meshinev, T., Apostolova, I. 1998. Distribution of higher plants biodiversity and the problem of habitat diversity in Bulgaria. – Phytologia Balcanica, 4 (1-2): 151-159.
Apostolova, I., Slavova, L. 1997. Compendium of Bulgarian plant communities published during 1891-1995. Sofia, 340p.
Apostolova, I., C. Denchev 1997. The current status of Centaurea immanuelis-loewii Degen in Bulgaria. – Bocconea 5(2):703-706.
Apostolova, I., Petrova, A. 1997. New data on Merendera sobolofera C.A.Mey – Flora Mediterranea, 7: 185-196.
Meshinev, T., Velchev, V., Petrova, A., Apostolova, I., Vassilev, P. 1994. Flora and vegetation on the sand dunes in the region of Sunny Beach resort. Institute of Botany. Sofia, 64 p.
Meshinev, T., Dpostolova, I., Vassilev, P., Velchev, V., Ganeva, A., Georgiev, N. 1994. Ecology of plant communities. In: Sakalyan, M. & Mayni, K. National biodiversity conservation strategy. vol 1, The Biodiversity Support Program: 125-148.

Petrova, A., Apostolova, I. 1995. Rare plant species on coastal sand dunes and sand beaches in Bulgaria – status and conservation problems. In: Salman, A., Berends, Bounazountas, M. Coastal management and habitat conservation. vol. I, EUCC, Leiden : 451-457.
Apostolova, I., T. Meshinev, A. Petrova, 1996. Habitat diversity in the Veleka River Mouth and Silistar protected areas in Bulgaria. In: Jones, P., M. Healy, A. Williams (eds). Studies in European coastal management, Samara publishing Ltd., Cardian : 183-190.
Meshinev, T., Velchev, V., Petrova, A., Apostolova, I., Vassilev, P. 1994. Flora and vegetation on the sand dunes in the region of Sunny Beach resort. Institute of Botany. Sofia, 64 p.
Meshinev, T., Dpostolova, I., Vassilev, P., Velchev, V., Ganeva, A., Georgiev, N. 1994. Ecology of plant communities. In: Sakalyan, M. & Mayni, K. National biodiversity conservation strategy. vol 1, The Biodiversity Support Program: 125-148.
Апостолова, И. 1991. Еколого-биологични и фитоценотични особености на някои ценопопулации на Festuca pratensis Huds. В Софийска област. Кандидатска дисертация
Апостолова, И. 1987. Минимална площ за проявление на асоциация Fagus sylvatica – Galium odoratum. – Екология, 20: 16-24.
Велчев, В., Мешинев, Т., Василев, П., Апостолова, И. 1987. Биологична продуктивност и фитоценотична роля на тревните компоненти в асоциация Piceetum myrtillosum – Западни Родопи. В: Кузманов, Б. (ред.) Трудове ІV Нац. Конф. по ботаника, ІІІ: 45-51.
Мешинев, Т., Апостолова, И. 1985. Минимална площ за проявление на асоциация Piceetum myrtillosum в резервата “Васил Коларов” – Западни Родопи. – Екология, 17: 11-23.


Plant and Fungal Diversity and Resources
Flora and Vegetation
Research group
Vegetation and Habitats


Член от
5 години 48 седмици